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Chemical Datasheet

DIAZEPAM

Chemical Identifiers | Hazards | Response Recommendations | Physical Properties | Regulatory Information | Alternate Chemical Names

Chemical Identifiers

The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond, U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources..
CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 439-14-5
none data unavailable none
NFPA 704
data unavailable
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
none none
General Description
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Off-white to yellow crystalline powder. Practically odorless. Tasteless at first with a bitter aftertaste. (NTP, 1992)

Hazards

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts, air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
Hydrolysis occurs in aqueous solutions with a maximum stability around pH 5. (NTP, 1992). Insoluble in water.
Fire Hazard
Flash point data for this chemical are not available; however, it is probably combustible. (NTP, 1992)
Health Hazard
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound may include drowsiness, ataxia, skin rash, dysarthria, nausea, diplopia, anxiety, depression, constipation, changes in salivation, blurred vision, urinary retention, incontinence, tremor, headache, confusion, slurred speech, vertigo, changes in libido and jaundice. Other symptoms of exposure include fatigue, dizziness, respiratory depression, nystagmus, incoordination of the upper extremities, cardiac arrest, hyporeflexia, muscular weakness, agitation, insomnia, grand mal seizures, organic brain syndrome, paradoxical excitement, delirium, coma, hallucinations, vomiting, lethargy and respiratory failure or arrest. It can cause tinnitus, excitability, rage reaction, phlebitis and lactic acidosis. It can also cause central nervous depression, brown discoloration of the lenses, lightheadedness, amnesia, mental depression, blood disorders, dysphoria, slight wheezing, cyanosis, increased respiratory rate, abnormal blood gases, convulsions, increase in chromosomal aberrations, aplastic anemia, leukopenia, leukocytosis, encephalopathy, bilateral gynecomastia, allergic conjunctivitis, angle closure glaucoma, reduction of cardiac output and stroke volume, increase in heart rate and peripheral resistance, cholestasis, disorganization of thought, depressed pupillary response, inhibited performance recall, improved recall of information, reduced reaction time, apprehension, vascular disease, bronchopneumonia, bullous and vesicular skin eruptions, eccrine sweat gland and sweat duct necrosis, skin pallor and death. Exposure can cause decreased blood pressure, increase in hostility and irritability, and vivid or disturbing dreams. Exposure can also lead to hypotension, increased muscle spasticity, sleep disturbances, stimulation, neutropenia, hypoactivity, syncope, bradycardia, urticaria, cardiovascular collapse and hiccups. Damage to the eyes, central nervous system and pulmonary tract may occur. It may also cause dryness of the mouth, aggressive behavior, blood dyscrasias and hepatic dysfunction. If exposure occurs during pregnancy, it may cause lethargy and hypotonia in the offspring. The neonate may also experience apneic attacks. Symptoms may include hypertonia, hyperreflexis, difficulty in sucking, hypothermia and midline cleft deformities of the lip and palate. Depressed central nervous system function may also occur in the neonate.

ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: When heated to decomposition this compound emits very toxic fumes of chlorine and nitrogen oxides. (NTP, 1992)
Reactivity Profile
No information available.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbent listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

Response Recommendations

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
No information available.
Firefighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. (NTP, 1992)
Non-Fire Response
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: Should a spill occur while you are handling this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION, then you should dampen the solid spill material with 60-70% ethanol and transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with 60-70% ethanol to pick up any remaining material. Seal the absorbent paper, and any of your clothes, which may be contaminated, in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with 60-70% ethanol followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.

STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should protect this material from exposure to light, and store it under ambient temperatures. This compound is a Schedule IV DEA Controlled Substance and is to be stored according to State and Federal Regulations. Refer to Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 Part 1300 to End. (NTP, 1992)
Protective Clothing
RECOMMENDED RESPIRATOR: Where the neat test chemical is weighed and diluted, wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter. (NTP, 1992)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)

Physical Properties

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C16H13ClN2O
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 257 to 259 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: data unavailable
Boiling Point: data unavailable
Molecular Weight: 284.74 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: less than 1 mg/mL at 68┬░ F (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

No PAC information available.

Regulatory Information

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

Alternate Chemical Names

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.