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Chemical Datasheet

1,1-DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE

6.1 - Poison Inhalation Hazard 3 - Flammable liquid 8 - Corrosive
Chemical Identifiers | Hazards | Response Recommendations | Physical Properties | Regulatory Information | Alternate Chemical Names

Chemical Identifiers

The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 57-14-7   (1,1-DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE)
  • Poison Inhalation Hazard
  • Flammable Liquid
  • Corrosive
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
1,1-Dimethylhydrazineexternal link
NFPA 704
Diamond Hazard Value Description
3
4 1
Blue Health 4 Can be lethal.
Red Flammability 3 Can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions.
Yellow Instability 1 Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures.
White Special
(NFPA, 2010)
General Description
A clear colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. Flash point 0°F. Corrosive to the skin. Less dense than water and soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air and very toxic by inhalation, attacking the eyes and respiratory system. Prolonged exposure of containers to heat may result in their violent rupturing and rocketing due to decomposition. Generates toxic oxides of nitrogen when burned. Vapors may travel to a source of ignition and a flame can flashback to the source of vapors. Used as a rocket propellant and to make other chemicals.

Hazards

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable over a wide range of vapor concentrations. May ignite spontaneously when spread on a large surface exposed to the air. [Def. Res. and Eng., pp 299-300(1963)]. Dissolves and slowly decomposes in water.
Fire Hazard
Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Vapors may travel to a source of ignition and flashback. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. When it decomposes, 1,1-dimethylhydrazine gives off toxic nitrogen compound fumes. Dissolves, swells, and disintegrates many plastics. Dangerous when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Hazardous polymerization may not occur. (EPA, 1998)
Health Hazard
This compound exhibits high acute toxicity as a result of exposure by all routes. Death or permanent injury may result after very short exposure to small quantities. Chronic exposure may cause pneumonia, liver damage, and kidney damage. (EPA, 1998)
Reactivity Profile
1,1-DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE is a powerful reducing agent. Ignition can occur on contact with oxidizing agents such hydrogen peroxide and fuming nitric acid [Haz. Chem. Data(1966)]. Also reacts as a base to neutralize acids in exothermic reactions.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

No information available.

Response Recommendations

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions.

SPILL: See ERG Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances on the UN/NA 1163 datasheet.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Move containers from fire area if it can be done without risk. Dike fire control water for later disposal, do not scatter the material. Cool containers that are exposed to flames with water until well after fire is out, wear positive pressure breathing apparatus and special protective clothing. Isolate for one-half mile in all directions if tank car or truck is involved in fire.

Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or foam for small fires. In large fires water fog, carbon dioxide, and bicarbonate agents may allow flashback and explosive re-ignition. (EPA, 1998)
Non-Fire Response
Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]:

Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor-suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

SMALL SPILL: Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers for later disposal. Use clean, non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.

LARGE SPILL: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. Water spray may reduce vapor, but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces. (ERG, 2016)
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard(i.e. for liquids with flash point < 100°F)

Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift.

Provide: Eyewash fountains should be provided in areas where there is any possibility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection. Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure. [Note: It is intended that these facilities provide a sufficient quantity or flow of water to quickly remove the substance from any body areas likely to be exposed. The actual determination of what constitutes an adequate quick drench facility depends on the specific circumstances. In certain instances, a deluge shower should be readily available, whereas in others, the availability of water from a sink or hose could be considered adequate.] (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
Tychem® Fabric Legend
QS = Tychem 2000 SFR
QC = Tychem 2000
SL = Tychem 4000
C3 = Tychem 5000
TF = Tychem 6000
TP = Tychem 6000 FR
BR = Tychem 9000
RC = Tychem RESPONDER® CSM
TK = Tychem 10000
RF = Tychem 10000 FR
Testing Details
The fabric permeation data was generated for DuPont by independent testing laboratories using ASTM F739, EN369, EN 374-3, EN ISO 6529 (method A and B) or ASTM D6978 test methods. Normalized breakthrough times (the time at which the permeation rate is equal to 0.1 µg/cm2/min) reported in minutes. All liquid chemicals have been tested between approximately 20°C and 27°C unless otherwise stated. A different temperature may have significant influence on the breakthrough time; permeation rates typically increase with temperature. All chemicals have been tested at a concentration of greater than 95% unless otherwise stated. Unless otherwise stated, permeation was measured for single chemicals. The permeation characteristics of mixtures can deviate considerably from the permeation behavior of the individual chemicals. Chemical warfare agents (Lewisite, Sarin, Soman, Sulfur Mustard, Tabun and VX Nerve Agent) have been tested at 22°C and 50% relative humidity per military standard MIL-STD-282.
Normalized Breakthrough Times (in Minutes)
Chemical CAS Number State QS QC SL C3 TF TP BR RC TK RF
Dimethylhydrazine, 1,1- (>95%) 57-14-7 Liquid 13 >480* >480* >480* >480*
> indicates greater than.
* indicates actual breakthrough time; normalized breakthrough time is not available.
A blank cell indicates the fabric has not been tested. The fabric may or may not offer barrier.

Special Warnings from DuPont

  1. Serged and bound seams are degraded by some hazardous liquid chemicals, such as strong acids, and should not be worn when these chemicals are present.
  2. CAUTION: This information is based upon technical data that DuPont believes to be reliable. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience are gained. DuPont makes no guarantee of results and assumes no obligation or liability...
    ... in connection with this information. It is the user's responsibility to determine the level of toxicity and the proper personal protective equipment needed. The information set forth herein reflects laboratory performance of fabrics, not complete garments, under controlled conditions. It is intended for informational use by persons having technical skill for evaluation under their specific end-use conditions, at their own discretion and risk. Anyone intending to use this information should first verify that the garment selected is suitable for the intended use. In many cases, seams and closures have shorter breakthrough times and higher permeation rates than the fabric. Please contact DuPont for specific data. If fabric becomes torn, abraded or punctured, or if seams or closures fail, or if attached gloves, visors, etc. are damaged, end user should discontinue use of garment to avoid potential exposure to chemical. Since conditions of use are outside our control, we make no warranties, express or implied, including, without limitation, no warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular use and assume no liability in connection with any use of this information. This information is not intended as a license to operate under or a recommendation to infringe any patent or technical information of DuPont or others covering any material or its use.

(DuPont, 2018)

First Aid
Warning: Effects may be delayed for hours to days. Caution is advised.

Signs and Symptoms of Acute Dimethylhydrazine Exposure: Signs and symptoms of acute exposure to dimethylhydrazine may include eye irritation, facial numbness, facial swelling, and increased salivation. Headache, twitching, seizures, convulsions, and coma may also occur. Gastrointestinal effects include anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. Pulmonary edema and hypotension (low blood pressure) are common. Dimethylhydrazine is toxic to the liver, ruptures red blood cells, and may cause kidney damage. Dermal contact may result in strong skin and mucous membrane irritation.

Emergency Life-Support Procedures: Acute exposure to dimethylhydrazine may require decontamination and life support for the victims. Emergency personnel should wear protective clothing appropriate to the type and degree of contamination. Air-purifying or supplied-air respiratory equipment should also be worn, as necessary. Rescue vehicles should carry supplies such as dimethylhydrazine-resistant sheeting and disposable bags to assist in preventing spread of contamination.

Inhalation Exposure:
1. Move victims to fresh air. Emergency personnel should avoid self-exposure to dimethylhydrazine.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
4. Transport to a health care facility.

Dermal/Eye Exposure:
1. Remove victims from exposure. Emergency personnel should avoid self- exposure to dimethylhydrazine.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Remove contaminated clothing as soon as possible.
4. If eye exposure has occurred, eyes must be flushed with lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.
5. Wash exposed skin areas THOROUGHLY with soap and water.
6. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
7. Transport to a health care facility.

Ingestion Exposure:
1. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
2. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
3. Vomiting may be induced with syrup of Ipecac. If elapsed time since ingestion of dimethylhydrazine is unknown or suspected to be greater than 30 minutes, do not induce vomiting and proceed to Step
4. Ipecac should not be administered to children under 6 months of age.Warning: Ingestion of dimethylhydrazine may result in sudden onset of seizures or loss of consciousness. Syrup of Ipecac should be administered only if victims are alert, have an active gag-reflex, and show no signs of impending seizure or coma. If ANY uncertainty exists, proceed to Step
4.The following dosages of Ipecac are recommended: children up to 1 year old, 10 mL (1/3 oz); children 1 to 12 years old, 15 mL (1/2 oz); adults, 30 mL (1 oz). Ambulate (walk) the victims and give large quantities of water. If vomiting has not occurred after 15 minutes, Ipecac may be readministered. Continue to ambulate and give water to the victims. If vomiting has not occurred within 15 minutes after second administration of Ipecac, administer activated charcoal.
4. Activated charcoal may be administered if victims are conscious and alert. Use 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) for children, 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) for adults, with 125 to 250 mL (1/2 to 1 cup) of water.
5. Promote excretion by administering a saline cathartic or sorbitol to conscious and alert victims. Children require 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) of cathartic; 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) is recommended for adults.
6. Transport to a health care facility. (EPA, 1998)

Physical Properties

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • C2H8N2
Flash Point: 5 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): 2 % (EPA, 1998)
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): 95 % (EPA, 1998)
Autoignition Temperature: 480 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Melting Point: -72 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Pressure: 157 mm Hg at 77 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): 1.94 (EPA, 1998)
Specific Gravity: 0.7914 at 71.6 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Boiling Point: 147 ° F at 760 mm Hg (EPA, 1998)
Molecular Weight: 60.1 (EPA, 1998)
Water Solubility: Decomposes (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Potential: 8.05 eV (NIOSH, 2016)
IDLH: 15 ppm ; A potential occupational carcinogen. (NIOSH, 2016)

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

Final AEGLs for 1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine (57-14-7)
Exposure Period AEGL-1 AEGL-2 AEGL-3
10 minutes NR 18 ppm 65 ppm
30 minutes NR 6 ppm 22 ppm
60 minutes NR 3 ppm 11 ppm
4 hours NR 0.75 ppm 2.7 ppm
8 hours NR 0.38 ppm 1.4 ppm
NR = Not recommended due to insufficient data
(NAC/NRC, 2017)

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Dimethylhydrazine, 1,1- (57-14-7) 0.27 ppm 3 ppm 11 ppm LEL = 20000 ppm
(DOE, 2016)

Regulatory Information

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

Regulatory Name CAS Number/
313 Category Code
EPCRA 302
EHS TPQ
EPCRA 304
EHS RQ
CERCLA RQ EPCRA 313
TRI
RCRA
Code
CAA 112(r)
RMP TQ
1,1-Dimethyl hydrazine 57-14-7 1000 pounds 10 pounds 10 pounds 313 U098 15000 pounds
Dimethylhydrazine 57-14-7 1000 pounds 10 pounds 10 pounds X U098 15000 pounds
Hydrazine, 1,1-dimethyl- 57-14-7 1000 pounds 10 pounds 10 pounds X U098 15000 pounds

(EPA List of Lists, 2015)

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

RELEASE THEFT SABOTAGE
Chemical of Interest CAS Number Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine; [Hydrazine, 1, 1-dimethyl-] 57-14-7 1.00 % 10000 pounds flammable

(DHS, 2007)

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

Chemical Name CAS Number Threshold Quantity (TQ)
Dimethylhydrazine, 1,1- 57-14-7 1000 pounds

(OSHA, 2011)

Alternate Chemical Names

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.