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Chemical Datasheet

SODIUM AMIDE

4.3 - Dangerous when wet
Chemical Identifiers | Hazards | Response Recommendations | Physical Properties | Regulatory Information | Alternate Chemical Names

Chemical Identifiers

The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond, U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 7782-92-5
  • Dangerous When Wet
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
none none
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
Odorless colorless solid. Denser than water.

Hazards

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts, air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Reacts violently with water and bursts into flame.
Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating ammonia gas may be formed. (USCG, 1999)
Health Hazard
Ammonia gas formed by reaction of solid with moisture irritates eyes and skin. Solid causes caustic burns of eyes and skin. Ingestion burns mouth and stomach in same way as caustic soda and may cause perforation of tissue. (USCG, 1999)
Reactivity Profile
SODIUM AMIDE is a powerful reducing agent. Reacts violently with oxidizing agents. Reacts violently with steam and water to form caustic NaOH and NH3 vapors [Bergstrom et al., Chem. Reviews, 12:6 1932]. May form explosive compounds in the presence of water and carbon dioxide [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980 p 826]. Liable to deflagration upon heating and friction. Forms an explosive peroxide on storage. When sodium amide and chromic anhydride are mixed together a vigorous reaction results; the same occurs with other oxidizing agents including dinitrogen tetraoxide, potassium chlorate, sodium nitrite. [Mellor 11:234 1946-47]. Reaction with 1,1-diethoxy-2- chloroethane produces sodium ethoxyacetylide, which is extremely pyrophoric [Rutledge 1968 p. 35]. Reactions with halogenated hydrocarbons may be violently explosive. Sodium amide forms toxic and flammable H2S gas with CS2. (714).
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...

Response Recommendations

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 139 [Substances - Water-Reactive (Emitting Flammable and Toxic Gases)]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.

SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Fire Extinguishing Agents Not to Be Used: Water

Fire Extinguishing Agents: Dry soda ash, graphite, salt, or other recommended dry powder, such as dry limestone. (USCG, 1999)
Non-Fire Response
Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Caustic solution formed by reaction with water can be diluted with water and/or neutralized by acetic acid. (USCG, 1999)
Protective Clothing
Goggles or face shield; dust respirator; rubber gloves and shoes. (USCG, 1999)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
INGESTION: give water or milk followed by dilute vinegar or fruit juice; do NOT induce vomiting; call a doctor.

SKIN OR EYES: flood all affected areas with copious amounts of water. (USCG, 1999)

Physical Properties

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • NaNH2
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 410 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Vapor Pressure: data unavailable
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 1.39 at 68 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Boiling Point: 752 ° F at 760 mm Hg (USCG, 1999)
Molecular Weight: 39.01 (USCG, 1999)
Water Solubility: data unavailable
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

No PAC information available.

Regulatory Information

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

Alternate Chemical Names

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.