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Chemical Datasheet

CADMIUM OXIDE

6.1 - Poison
Chemical Identifiers | Hazards | Response Recommendations | Physical Properties | Regulatory Information | Alternate Chemical Names

Chemical Identifiers

The Chemical Identifier fields include common identification numbers, the NFPA diamond, U.S. Department of Transportation hazard labels, and a general description of the chemical. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 1306-19-0
  • Poison
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
Cadmium fume (as Cd)external link
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
Brown crystals or brown amorphous powder. Used as an electroplating chemical and in the manufacture of cadmium electrodes. Is a component of silver alloys, phosphors, semiconductors, glass and ceramic glazes. Formerly used by veterinarians to kill worms and parasites. (EPA, 1998)

Hazards

The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts, air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
Insoluble in water.
Fire Hazard
When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of cadmium. (Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Oxides of cadmium react explosively with magnesium when heated. (EPA, 1998)
Health Hazard
The lethal inhalation dose of cadmium oxide in humans is 2,500 mg/m3 for a 1 minute exposure. Lethal exposure has been established at 50 mg (cadmium)/m3 for 1 hour for cadmium oxide dust and 1/2 hour for the fume. These concentrations may be inhaled without sufficient discomfort to warn worker of exposure. Inhalation may cause acute tracheobronchitis, pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. Exposure can cause kidney and lung damage. Acute exposure by inhalation may cause death by anoxia. The lowest human toxic inhalation concentration is 8.630 mg/m3/5 hours for the fume. Persons with respiratory disorders should be excluded from contact with this material. (EPA, 1998)
Reactivity Profile
CADMIUM OXIDE reacts violently with magnesium. (NTP, 1992)
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

No information available.

Response Recommendations

The Response Recommendation fields include isolation and evacuation distances, as well as recommendations for firefighting, non-fire response, protective clothing, and first aid. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 154 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible)]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.

SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
(Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing. Move container from fire if you can do so without risk.

(Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Extinguish with dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water fog, spray, or foam. (EPA, 1998)
Non-Fire Response
If dust is released in a hazardous concentration: (1) remove all ignition sources; (2) ventilate area of release; and (3) collect released material and place in sealed containers in secured sanitary landfill. (Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry. Stay upwind, keep out of low areas. If pollution of water occurs, notify proper authorities. Do not touch spilled material; stop leak if you can do so without risk. Absorb small spills with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal.

Small dry spills: with clean shovel place material into clean, dry container and cover; move container from spill area. Dike large spills far ahead for later disposal. (EPA, 1998)
Protective Clothing
Skin: No recommendation is made specifying the need for personal protective equipment for the body.

Eyes: No recommendation is made specifying the need for eye protection.

Wash skin: The worker should wash daily at the end of each work shift.

Remove: No recommendation is made specifying the need for removing clothing that becomes wet or contaminated.

Change: Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premise. (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
Warning: Effects may be delayed for hours. Caution is advised.

Signs and Symptoms of Acute Cadmium Oxide Exposure: The following signs and symptoms may be noted following exposure to cadmium oxide: cough, dyspnea (shortness of breath), dry mouth or increased salivation, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bronchitis, and chest pain. Pulmonary edema may develop. Vertigo (dizziness), fever, and profuse sweating are common. Victims may collapse.

Emergency Life-Support Procedures: Acute exposure to cadmium oxide may require decontamination and life support for the victims. Emergency personnel should wear protective clothing appropriate to the type and degree of contamination. Air-purifying or supplied-air respiratory equipment should also be worn, as necessary. Rescue vehicles should carry supplies such as plastic sheeting and disposable plastic bags to assist in preventing spread of contamination.

Inhalation Exposure:
1. Move victims to fresh air. Emergency personnel should avoid self-exposure to cadmium oxide.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
4. Transport to a health care facility.

Dermal/Eye Exposure:
1. Remove victims from exposure. Emergency personnel should avoid self- exposure to cadmium oxide.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Remove contaminated clothing as soon as possible.
4. If eye exposure has occurred, eyes must be flushed with lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.
5. Wash exposed skin areas THOROUGHLY with soap and water.
6. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
7. Transport to a health care facility.

Ingestion Exposure:
1. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
2. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
3. Vomiting may be induced with syrup of Ipecac. If elapsed time since ingestion of cadmium oxide is unknown or suspected to be greater than 30 minutes, do not induce vomiting and proceed to Step
4.Ipecac should not be administered to children under 6 months of age.Warning: Ingestion of cadmium oxide may result in sudden loss of consciousness. Syrup of Ipecac should be administered only if victims are alert, have an active gag-reflex, and show no signs of impending seizure or coma. If ANY uncertainty exists, proceed to Step
4.The following dosages of Ipecac are recommended: children up to 1 year old, 10 mL (1/3 oz); children 1 to 12 years old, 15 mL (1/2 oz); adults, 30 mL (1 oz). Ambulate (walk) the victims and give large quantities of water. If vomiting has not occurred after 15 minutes, Ipecac may be readministered. Continue to ambulate and give water to the victims. If vomiting has not occurred within 15 minutes after second administration of Ipecac, administer activated charcoal.
4. Activated charcoal may be administered if victims are conscious and alert. Use 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) for children, 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) for adults, with 125 to 250 mL (1/2 to 1 cup) of water.
5. Promote excretion by administering a saline cathartic or sorbitol to conscious and alert victims. Children require 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) of cathartic; 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) is recommended for adults.
6. Transport to a health care facility. (EPA, 1998)

Physical Properties

The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds. The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • CdO
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): This material may burn but does not ignite readily. (EPA, 1998)
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): This material may burn but does not ignite readily. (EPA, 1998)
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: Greater than 2732° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg at 1832 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 8.15 Crystalline form 6.95 Amorphous form (EPA, 1998)
Boiling Point: 2838 ° F at 760 mm Hg (sublimes) (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Weight: 128.4 (EPA, 1998)
Water Solubility: less than 1 mg/mL at 68° F (NTP, 1992)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: 9 mg/m3 (as Cd); A potential occupational carcinogen. (NIOSH, 2016)

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Cadmium oxide (1306-19-0) 0.11 mg/m3 0.87 mg/m3 5.4 mg/m3
(DOE, 2016)

Regulatory Information

The Regulatory Information fields include information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Title III Consolidated List of Lists, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard List (see more about these data sources).

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

Regulatory Name CAS Number/
313 Category Code
EPCRA 302
EHS TPQ
EPCRA 304
EHS RQ
CERCLA RQ EPCRA 313
TRI
RCRA
Code
CAA 112(r)
RMP TQ
Cadmium Compounds N078 & 313
Cadmium oxide 1306-19-0 100/10000 pounds 100 pounds 313c

(EPA List of Lists, 2015)

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

Alternate Chemical Names

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.