HYDROGEN CYANIDE, ANHYDROUS, STABILIZED (ABSORBED)
|CAS Number||UN/NA Number||DOT Hazard Label||USCG CHRIS Code|
|NIOSH Pocket Guide||International Chem Safety Card|
|Health||4||Can be lethal.|
|Flammability||4||Burns readily. Rapidly or completely vaporizes at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature.|
|Instability||1||Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures.|
Rate of onset: Immediate
Odor threshold: 1-5 ppm
Source/use/other hazard: War gas, pesticide, Herbicide; other industries; Weak acid except in water or mucous membranes - then corrosive/training.
- Highly Flammable
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form. (ERG, 2016)
Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)
Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for...
- Mineral-Based & Clay-Based Absorbents
As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
SPILL: See ERG Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances on the UN/NA 1614 datasheet.
FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
SMALL FIRE: Dry chemical, CO2 or water spray.
LARGE FIRE: Water spray, fog or regular foam. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Dike fire-control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams.
FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Do not get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn. (ERG, 2016)
ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS. (ERG, 2016)
Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.
Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.
Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard(i.e. for liquids with flash point < 100°F)
Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift.
Provide: Eyewash fountains should be provided in areas where there is any possibility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection. Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure. [Note: It is intended that these facilities provide a sufficient quantity or flow of water to quickly remove the substance from any body areas likely to be exposed. The actual determination of what constitutes an adequate quick drench facility depends on the specific circumstances. In certain instances, a deluge shower should be readily available, whereas in others, the availability of water from a sink or hose could be considered adequate.] (NIOSH, 2016)
|QS = Tychem 2000 SFR|
|QC = Tychem 2000|
|SL = Tychem 4000|
|C3 = Tychem 5000|
|TF = Tychem 6000|
|TP = Tychem 6000 FR|
|BR = Tychem 9000|
|RC = Tychem RESPONDER® CSM|
|TK = Tychem 10000|
|RF = Tychem 10000 FR|
|HCN (Hydrogen cyanide) (>95%, gas)||74-90-8||Vapor||30||>480||>480||>480||>480||>480|
|HCN (Hydrogen cyanide) (>95%, liquid, 21° C)||74-90-8||Liquid||105||105||>480||105|
|Hydrocyanic acid (>95%, gas)||74-90-8||Vapor||30||>480||>480||>480||>480||>480|
|Hydrocyanic acid (>95%, liquid, 21° C)||74-90-8||Liquid||105||105||>480||105|
|Hydrogen cyanide (>95%, gas)||74-90-8||Vapor||30||>480||>480||>480||>480||>480|
|Hydrogen cyanide (>95%, liquid, 21° C)||74-90-8||Liquid||105||105||>480||105|
A blank cell indicates the fabric has not been tested. The fabric may or may not offer barrier.
Special Warnings from DuPont
- Serged and bound seams are degraded by some hazardous liquid chemicals, such as strong acids, and should not be worn when these chemicals are present.
CAUTION: This information is based upon technical data that
DuPont believes to be reliable. It is subject to revision as
additional knowledge and experience are gained. DuPont makes no
guarantee of results and assumes no obligation or liability...
... in connection with this information. It is the user's responsibility to determine the level of toxicity and the proper personal protective equipment needed. The information set forth herein reflects laboratory performance of fabrics, not complete garments, under controlled conditions. It is intended for informational use by persons having technical skill for evaluation under their specific end-use conditions, at their own discretion and risk. Anyone intending to use this information should first verify that the garment selected is suitable for the intended use. In many cases, seams and closures have shorter breakthrough times and higher permeation rates than the fabric. Please contact DuPont for specific data. If fabric becomes torn, abraded or punctured, or if seams or closures fail, or if attached gloves, visors, etc. are damaged, end user should discontinue use of garment to avoid potential exposure to chemical. Since conditions of use are outside our control, we make no warranties, express or implied, including, without limitation, no warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular use and assume no liability in connection with any use of this information. This information is not intended as a license to operate under or a recommendation to infringe any patent or technical information of DuPont or others covering any material or its use.
Skin: If this chemical contacts the skin, immediately flush the contaminated skin with water. If this chemical penetrates the clothing, immediately remove the clothing and flush the skin with water. Get medical attention promptly.
Breathing: If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible.
Swallow: If this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention immediately. (NIOSH, 2016)
AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)
|10 minutes||2.5 ppm||17 ppm||27 ppm|
|30 minutes||2.5 ppm||10 ppm||21 ppm|
|60 minutes||2 ppm||7.1 ppm||15 ppm|
|4 hours||1.3 ppm||3.5 ppm||8.6 ppm|
|8 hours||1 ppm||2.5 ppm||6.6 ppm|
ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)
|Hydrogen Cyanide (74-90-8)||NA||10 ppm||25 ppm|
PACs (Protective Action Criteria)
|Hydrogen cyanide; (Hydrocyanic acid) (74-90-8)||2 ppm||7.1 ppm||15 ppm||LEL = 56000 ppm|
EPA Consolidated List of Lists
|Regulatory Name||CAS Number/
313 Category Code
|CERCLA RQ||EPCRA 313
|Hydrocyanic acid||74-90-8||100 pounds||10 pounds||10 pounds||X||P063||2500 pounds|
|Hydrogen cyanide||74-90-8||100 pounds||10 pounds||10 pounds||313||P063||2500 pounds|
- "X" indicates that this is a second name for an EPCRA section 313 chemical already included on this consolidated list. May also indicate that the same chemical with the same CAS number appears on another list with a different chemical name.
- & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance. See 50 Federal Register 13456 (April 4, 1985).
(EPA List of Lists, 2015)
DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
|Chemical of Interest||CAS Number||Min Conc||STQ||Security
|Hydrocyanic acid||74-90-8||1.00 %||2500 pounds||toxic|
|Hydrogen cyanide; [Hydrocyanic acid]||74-90-8||4.67 %||15 pounds||WME|
- WME = weapons of mass effect.
OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List
|Chemical Name||CAS Number||Threshold Quantity (TQ)|
|Hydrogen Cyanide, Anhydrous||74-90-8||1000 pounds|
Alternate Chemical Names
- CARBON HYDRIDE NITRIDE (CHN)
- FORMIC ANAMMONIDE
- HYDROCYANIC ACID
- HYDROGEN CYANIDE
- HYDROGEN CYANIDE (HYDROCYANIC ACID)
- HYDROGEN CYANIDE, ANHYDROUS, STABILIZED (ABSORBED)
- HYDROGEN CYANIDE, STABILIZED (ABSORBED)
- HYDROGEN CYANIDE, [ABSORBED]
- PRUSSIC ACID