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Chemical Datasheet

DIBORANE

2.3 - Poisonous gas 2.1 - Flammable gas
Chemical Identifiers | Hazards | Response Recommendations | Physical Properties | Regulatory Information | Alternate Chemical Names

Chemical Identifiers

CAS Number - Chemical Abstracts Service registry number. Unique identification number assigned to this chemical by the American Chemical Society.

UN/NA Number - The United Nations-North America number (also called UN number or DOT number). 4-digit number identifying an individual chemical or group of chemicals with similar characteristics. Required on shipping papers; often shown on placards or labels. This numbering system was developed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, and then became the UN standard system for classifying hazardous materials.

DOT Hazard Label - U.S. Department of Transportation hazard warning label for the chemical (such as flammable liquid or corrosive). This label must be displayed on shipped packages, railroad tank cars, and tank trucks according to specifications described in 49 CFR 172.

CHRIS Code - 3-letter code used by the U.S. Coast Guard to identify individual chemicals included in its CHRIS (Chemical Hazards Response Information System) manual.

NFPA 704 - Text description of the diamond-shaped placard, which contains codes indicating the level of the chemical's health, flammability, and instability hazards, along with special hazards such as water- and air-reactivity. See a guide to the NFPA diamond.

General Description - Brief description of the chemical's general appearance, behavior, and hazardousness.

List of data sources.
CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label CHRIS Code
  • 19287-45-7   (DIBORANE)
  • Poison Gas
  • Flammable Gas
none
NFPA 704
Diamond Hazard Value Description
4
4 3
W
Blue Health 4 Can be lethal.
Red Flammability 4 Burns readily. Rapidly or completely vaporizes at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature.
Yellow Instability 3 Capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive reaction but requires a strong initiating source or must be heated under confinement before initiation.
White Special W Reacts violently or explosively with water.
(NFPA, 2010)
General Description
Diborane is a colorless gas with an offensive odor. It is toxic by inhalation. Diborane is decomposed by water giving off hydrogen, another flammable gas and boric acid a non-regulated material. Its vapors are heavier than air. Long term exposure to low concentrations or short term exposure to high concentrations can result in adverse health effects from inhalation. It is used in electronics.

Rate of onset: Immediate

Persistence: Minutes to hours

Odor threshold: 2.5 ppm

Source/use/other hazard: Intermediate chemical manufacturing; very flammable.

Hazards

Reactivity Alerts - Special alerts if the chemical is especially reactive (see list of reactivity alerts).

Air & Water Reactions - Special alerts if the chemical reacts with air, water, or moisture.

Fire Hazard - Description of the chemical's fire hazards (such as flammability, explosion risk, or byproducts that may evolve if the chemical is burned).

Health Hazard - Description of the chemical's health hazards (such as toxicity, flammability, or corrosivity).

Reactivity Profile - Description of the chemical's potential reactivity with other chemicals, air, and water. Also includes any other intrinsic reactive hazards (such as polymerizable or peroxidizable).

Reactive Groups - List of reactive groups that the chemical is assigned to, based on its known chemistry. Reactive groups are categories of chemicals that react in similar ways because their chemical structures are similar. Reactive groups are used to predict reactivity when you add a chemical to MyChemicals. Read more about reactive groups.

Potentially Incompatible Absorbents - Absorbents are products that can be used to soak up liquids from spills. However, some absorbents can react with particular chemicals (that is, they are incompatible), so caution should be used in selecting the correct absorbent for your situation. This section provides a list of potentially incompatible absorbents that have been known to react with liquids assigned to one or more of the reactive groups listed on this datasheet. Read more about absorbents, including situations to watch out for.

List of data sources.
Reactivity Alerts
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Ignites spontaneously in moist air (forms hydrogen and boric acid), [Haz. Chem. Data (1966)]. Oxygen and diborane form spontaneously explosive mixtures, [J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 76, 1997(1954)].
Fire Hazard
It will ignite spontaneously in moist air at room temperature. Also, it reacts violently with vaporizing liquid-type extinguishing agents. It hydrolyzes in water to hydrogen and boric acid. Incompatible with air, halogenated compounds, aluminum, lithium, active metals, oxidized surfaces, chlorine, fuming nitric acid, nitrogen trifluoride, oxygen, and phosphorus trifluoride. Avoid moist air, electrical sparks, open flames or any other heat source. Hazardous polymerization may occur. (EPA, 1998)
Health Hazard
Boranes are highly toxic by inhalation, skin absorption or ingestion. They may produce acute or chronic poisoning. Diborane is an irritant to the lungs and kidneys. The primary effect of diborane poisoning is lung congestion caused by local tissue irritation produced by the exothermic reaction of hydrolysis. (EPA, 1998)
Reactivity Profile
It is a colorless, air and moisture-sensitive gas, highly toxic. It ignites in air. It is very explosive when exposed to heat or flame, on contact with moisture it produces hydrogen gas. Explosive reaction with benzene vapor, chlorine, nitric acid and tetravinyllead [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 77]. Explosive reaction with dimethyl sulfoxide [Shriver, 1969, p. 209], violent reaction with halocarbon liquids used as fire extinguishants (e.g., carbon tetrachloride). Reaction with Al or Li produces complex hydrides that may ignite spontaneously in air [Haz. Chem. Data, 1975, p. 114].
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

No information available.

Response Recommendations

Isolation and Evacuation - Isolation and evacuation distance recommendations from the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).

Firefighting - Response recommendations if the chemical is on fire (or near a fire).

Non-Fire Response - Response recommendations if the chemical isn't on fire (or near a fire).

Protective Clothing - Recommendations for protective gear.

Dupont Tychem® Suit Fabrics - A table of normalized breakthrough times for DuPont Tychem suit fabrics for the chemical, if available.

First Aid - Recommended first aid treatment for people exposed to the chemical.

List of data sources.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from GUIDE 119 [Gases - Toxic - Flammable]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 100 meters (330 feet) in all directions.

SPILL: See ERG Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances on the UN/NA 1911 datasheet.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 1600 meters (1 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2012)
Firefighting
Firefighting should be done from an explosion-resistant location. Use water from unmanned monitors or hose holders to keep fire-exposed containers cool. If it is necessary to stop flow of gas, use water spray to protect personnel effecting shut-off. Personnel should be evacuated immediately. Self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing should be worn. Isolate for 1/2 mile in all directions if tank car or truck is involved in fire.

Inert gas substances such as liquid nitrogen are recommended as fire extinguishing agents. (EPA, 1998)
Non-Fire Response
Excerpt from GUIDE 119 [Gases - Toxic - Flammable]:

ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Fully encapsulating, vapor protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Do not direct water at spill or source of leak. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact spilled material. FOR CHLOROSILANES, use AFFF alcohol-resistant medium expansion foam to reduce vapors. If possible, turn leaking containers so that gas escapes rather than liquid. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. Isolate area until gas has dispersed. (ERG, 2012)
Protective Clothing
Skin: No recommendation is made specifying the need for personal protective equipment for the body.

Eyes: No recommendation is made specifying the need for eye protection.

Wash skin: No recommendation is made specifying the need for washing the substance from the skin (either immediately or at the end of the work shift).

Remove: No recommendation is made specifying the need for removing clothing that becomes wet or contaminated.

Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift. (NIOSH, 2003)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
Tychem® Fabric Legend
QC = Tychem QC
SL = Tychem SL
TF = Tychem F
TP = Tychem ThermoPro
C3 = Tychem CPF 3
BR = Tychem BR
LV = Tychem LV
RC = Tychem Responder® CSM
TK = Tychem TK
RF = Tychem Reflector®
Testing Details
Permeation data obtained per ASTM F739. Normalized breakthrough times (the time at which the permeation rate is equal to 0.1 µg/cm2/min) reported in minutes. All liquid chemicals have been tested between approximately 20°C and 27°C unless otherwise stated. All chemicals have been tested at a concentration of greater than 95% unless otherwise stated. Chemical warfare agents (Lewisite, Sarin, Soman, Sulfur Mustard, Tabun and VX Nerve Agent) have been tested at 22°C and 50% relative humidity per military standard MIL-STD-282.
Normalized Breakthrough Times (in Minutes)
Chemical CAS Number State QC SL TF TP C3 BR LV RC TK RF
Diborane (10%) 19287-45-7 Vapor >480 >480 >480 >480 >480
> indicates greater than.
A blank cell indicates the fabric has not been tested. The fabric may or may not offer barrier.

Special Warnings from DuPont

  1. Serged and bound seams are degraded by some hazardous liquid chemicals, such as strong acids, and should not be worn when these chemicals are present.
  2. CAUTION: This information is based upon technical data that DuPont believes to be reliable. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience are gained. DuPont makes no guarantee of results and assumes no obligation or liability...
    ... in connection with this information. It is the user's responsibility to determine the level of toxicity and the proper personal protective equipment needed. The information set forth herein reflects laboratory performance of fabrics, not complete garments, under controlled conditions. It is intended for informational use by persons having technical skill for evaluation under their specific end-use conditions, at their own discretion and risk. Anyone intending to use this information should first verify that the garment selected is suitable for the intended use. In many cases, seams and closures have shorter breakthrough times and higher permeation rates than the fabric. Please contact DuPont for specific data. If fabric becomes torn, abraded or punctured, or if seams or closures fail, or if attached gloves, visors, etc. are damaged, end user should discontinue use of garment to avoid potential exposure to chemical. Since conditions of use are outside our control, we make no warranties, express or implied, including, without limitation, no warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular use and assume no liability in connection with any use of this information. This information is not intended as a license to operate under or a recommendation to infringe any patent or technical information of DuPont or others covering any material or its use.

(DuPont, 2013)

First Aid
Warning: Effects may be delayed up to 24 hours. Caution is advised.

Signs and Symptoms of Acute Diborane Exposure: Signs and symptoms of acute exposure to diborane may include tightness in the chest, dyspnea (shortness of breath), cough, and wheezing. Nausea and pulmonary edema may also occur. Other possible effects of acute exposure include dizziness, headache, weakness, lack of coordination, muscle spasms, tremor, and seizures. Exposure to diborane may irritate or burn the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.

Emergency Life-Support Procedures: Acute exposure to diborane may require decontamination and life support for the victims. Emergency personnel should wear protective clothing appropriate to the type and degree of contamination. Air-purifying or supplied-air respiratory equipment should also be worn, as necessary. Rescue vehicles should carry supplies such as plastic sheeting and disposable plastic bags to assist in preventing spread of contamination.

Inhalation Exposure:
1. Move victims to fresh air. Emergency personnel should avoid self-exposure to diborane.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
4. Transport to a health care facility.

Dermal/Eye Exposure:
1. Remove victims from exposure. Emergency personnel should avoid self- exposure to diborane.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Remove contaminated clothing as soon as possible.
4. If eye exposure has occurred, eyes must be flushed with lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.
5. Wash exposed skin areas at least twice with large amounts of cool water.
6. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
7. Transport to a health care facility.

Ingestion Exposure: No information is available. (EPA, 1998)

Physical Properties

This section contains physical properties, flammability limits, and toxic thresholds for this chemical (see definitions of each property). More property data is available for common chemicals.

See also the Levels of Concern guide for information on AEGLs, ERPGs, PACs, and IDLH values.

List of data sources.
Chemical Formula:
  • B2H6
Flash Point: -130 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): 0.8 % (EPA, 1998)
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): 88 % (EPA, 1998)
Autoignition Temperature: 100 to 126 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Melting Point: -265 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Pressure: 224 mm Hg at -169.6 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): 1 (EPA, 1998)
Specific Gravity: 0.447 at -169.6 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Boiling Point: -135 ° F at 760.0 mm Hg (EPA, 1998)
Molecular Weight: 27.69 (EPA, 1998)
Water Solubility: Decomposes (NTP, 1992)
IDLH: 15 ppm (NIOSH, 2003)

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

Final AEGLs for Diborane (19287-45-7)
Exposure Period AEGL-1 AEGL-2 AEGL-3
10 minutes NR 2 ppm 7.3 ppm
30 minutes NR 2 ppm 7.3 ppm
60 minutes NR 1 ppm 3.7 ppm
4 hours NR 0.25 ppm 0.92 ppm
8 hours NR 0.13 ppm 0.46 ppm
NR = Not recommended due to insufficient data
(NAC/NRC, 2013)

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

Chemical ERPG-1 ERPG-2 ERPG-3
Diborane (19287-45-7) NA 1 ppm 3 ppm
NA = not appropriate.
(AIHA, 2013)

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Diborane (19287-45-7) 0.1 ppm 1 ppm 3.7 ppm LEL = 8000 ppm
(SCAPA, 2012)

Regulatory Information

This section contains regulatory information from the Title III Consolidated List of Lists (see details about each regulatory field).

List of data sources.
Regulatory Name CAS Number/
313 Category Code
EPCRA 302
EHS TPQ
EPCRA 304
EHS RQ
CERCLA RQ EPCRA 313
TRI
RCRA
Code
CAA 112(r)
RMP TQ
Diborane 19287-45-7 100 100 2500
Diborane(6) 19287-45-7 100 100 2500

(EPA List of Lists, 2012)

Alternate Chemical Names

This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms.