Print
Chemical Datasheet

TETRASODIUM PYROPHOSPHATE

Chemical Identifiers

CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 7722-88-5
none data unavailable none
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate
  • TETRASODIUM PYROPHOSPHATE
NFPA 704
data unavailable
General Description
Odorless, white powder or granules. mp: 995°C. Density: 2.53 g/cm3. Solubility in water: 3.16 g/100 mL (cold water); 40.26 g/100 mL boiling water. Used as a wool de-fatting agent, in bleaching operations, as a food additive. The related substance tetrasodium pyrophosphate decahydrate (Na4P2O7*10H2O) occurs as colorless transparent crystals. Loses its water when heated to 93.8°C.

Hazards

Reactivity Alerts
none
Air & Water Reactions
No rapid reaction with air No rapid reaction with water
Fire Hazard
No information available.
Health Hazard
Exposure Routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact

Symptoms: Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dermatitis

Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system (NIOSH, 2016)
Reactivity Profile
TETRASODIUM PYROPHOSPHATE is basic. Reacts exothermically with acids. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Decomposes in ethyl alcohol.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below.

Response Recommendations

Isolation and Evacuation
No information available.
Firefighting
No information available.
Non-Fire Response
No information available.
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet or significantly contaminated should be removed and replaced.

Change: Workers whose clothing may have become contaminated should change into uncontaminated clothing before leaving the work premise.

Provide: Eyewash fountains should be provided (when chemical is in solution) in areas where there is any possibility that workers could be exposed to the substance; this is irrespective of the recommendation involving the wearing of eye protection. (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
First Aid
Eye: If this chemical contacts the eyes, immediately wash the eyes with large amounts of water, occasionally lifting the lower and upper lids. Get medical attention immediately. Contact lenses should not be worn when working with this chemical.

Skin: If this chemical contacts the skin, promptly wash the contaminated skin with water. If this chemical penetrates the clothing, promptly remove the clothing and wash the skin with water. If irritation persists after washing, get medical attention.

Breathing: If a person breathes large amounts of this chemical, move the exposed person to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Keep the affected person warm and at rest. Get medical attention as soon as possible.

Swallow: If this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention immediately. (NIOSH, 2016)

Physical Properties

Chemical Formula:
  • Na4P2O7
Flash Point: data unavailable
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
Melting Point: 1810 ° F (NIOSH, 2016)
Vapor Pressure: 0 mm Hg (approx) (NIOSH, 2016)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
Specific Gravity: 2.45 (NIOSH, 2016)
Boiling Point: Decomposes (NIOSH, 2016)
Molecular Weight: 265.9 (NIOSH, 2016)
Water Solubility: 7 % at 77° F (NIOSH, 2016)
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

No AEGL information available.

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate (7722-88-5) 15 mg/m3 130 mg/m3 790 mg/m3
(DOE, 2016)

Regulatory Information

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

No regulatory information available.

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

No regulatory information available.

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

Alternate Chemical Names