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Chemical Datasheet

ALLYL ALCOHOL

6.1 - Poison Inhalation Hazard 3 - Flammable liquid

Chemical Identifiers

CAS Number UN/NA Number DOT Hazard Label USCG CHRIS Code
  • 107-18-6   (ALLYL ALCOHOL)
  • 1098
  • Poison Inhalation Hazard
  • Flammable Liquid
  • ALA
NIOSH Pocket Guide International Chem Safety Card
Allyl alcohol
  • ALLYL ALCOHOL
NFPA 704
Diamond Hazard Value Description
3
4 1
Blue Health 4 Can be lethal.
Red Flammability 3 Can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions.
Yellow Instability 1 Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures.
White Special
(NFPA, 2010)
General Description
A clear colorless liquid with a mustard-like odor. Flash point 70°F. Very toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Less dense than water (7.1 lb / gal). Vapors are heavier than air. Prolonged exposure to low concentrations or short exposure to high concentrations may have adverse health effects from inhalation.

Hazards

Reactivity Alerts
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Water soluble.
Fire Hazard
Allyl alcohol vapor may explode if ignited in confined areas. Combustion products may be poisonous. The vapor is heavier than air and flashback along vapor trail may occur. Gives off toxic fumes when heated. May react vigorously with oxidizing materials, carbon tetrachloride, acids, oleum, sodium hydroxide, diallyl phosphite, potassium chloride, or tri-n-bromomelamine. (EPA, 1998)
Health Hazard
Allyl alcohol is an intense irritant to skin, eyes, nose, and throat. It causes burns on contact, and may cause pulmonary edema if inhaled. It is poisonous in small quantities. The probable oral lethal dose is 50-500 mg/kg, or between 1 teaspoonful and 1 ounce for a 150-lb. person. (EPA, 1998)
Reactivity Profile
ALLYL ALCOHOL presents a dangerous fire and explosion hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizing agents. Reacts violently or explosively with sulfuric acid, strong bases. Reacts violently with 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine and 2,4,6-tris(bromoamino)-1,3,5-triazine. Reacts with carbon tetrachloride to produce explosively unstable products [Lewis]. Mixing allyl alcohol in equal molar portions with any of the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: chlorosulfonic acid, nitric acid, oleum, sulfuric acid [NFPA 491M. 1991].
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents

Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents listed below.

Response Recommendations

Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]:

As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area for at least 50 meters (150 feet) in all directions.

SPILL: See ERG Table 1 - Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances on the UN/NA 1098 datasheet.

FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Firefighting
Water may be ineffective on fire. Cool exposed containers with water. Wear goggles, self-contained breathing apparatus, rubber overclothing, gloves. Isolate for 1/2 mile in all directions if tank car or truck is involved in fire.

Extinguish with dry chemical, alcohol foam, or carbon dioxide. Dike fire control water for later disposal and do not scatter the material. (EPA, 1998)
Non-Fire Response
Excerpt from ERG Guide 131 [Flammable Liquids - Toxic]:

Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire. ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor-suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

SMALL SPILL: Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers for later disposal. Use clean, non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.

LARGE SPILL: Dike far ahead of liquid spill for later disposal. Water spray may reduce vapor, but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces. (ERG, 2016)
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard(i.e. for liquids with flash point < 100°F)

Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift.

Provide: Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure. [Note: It is intended that these facilities provide a sufficient quantity or flow of water to quickly remove the substance from any body areas likely to be exposed. The actual determination of what constitutes an adequate quick drench facility depends on the specific circumstances. In certain instances, a deluge shower should be readily available, whereas in others, the availability of water from a sink or hose could be considered adequate.] (NIOSH, 2016)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
Normalized Breakthrough Times (in Minutes)
Chemical CAS Number State QS QC SL C3 TF TP BR RC TK RF
Allyl alcohol (>95%) 107-18-6 Liquid >480 >480 >480 >480 >480 >480 >480 >480
> indicates greater than.
A blank cell indicates the fabric has not been tested. The fabric may or may not offer barrier.

Special Warnings from DuPont

  1. Serged and bound seams are degraded by some hazardous liquid chemicals, such as strong acids, and should not be worn when these chemicals are present.
  2. CAUTION: This information is based upon technical data that DuPont believes to be reliable. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience are gained. DuPont makes no guarantee of results and assumes no obligation or liability...

(DuPont, 2018)

First Aid
Warning: Effects may be delayed. Caution is advised.

Signs and Symptoms of Acute Allyl Alcohol Exposure: Signs and symptoms of acute exposure to allyl alcohol may be severe and include eye and skin irritation, pain, burns, and ulceration. Lacrimation (tearing), blurred vision, and photophobia (heightened sensitivity to light) are common; permanent eye damage may occur. Nose and throat irritation, headache, cough, dyspnea (shortness of breath), and hemoptysis (spitting up of blood) may be noted. Nausea, vomiting, and hematuria (bloody urine) may also occur. Liver and kidney damage have been reported in study animals.

Emergency Life-Support Procedures: Acute exposure to allyl alcohol may require decontamination and life support for the victims. Emergency personnel should wear protective clothing appropriate to the type and degree of contamination. Air-purifying or supplied-air respiratory equipment should also be worn, as necessary. Rescue vehicles should carry supplies such as plastic sheeting and disposable plastic bags to assist in preventing spread of contamination.

Inhalation Exposure:
1. Move victims to fresh air. Emergency personnel should avoid self-exposure to allyl alcohol.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
4. Transport to a health care facility.

Dermal/Eye Exposure:
1. Remove victims from exposure. Emergency personnel should avoid self- exposure to allyl alcohol.
2. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
3. Remove contaminated clothing as soon as possible.
4. If eye exposure has occurred, eyes must be flushed with lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.
5. Wash exposed skin areas twice with soap and water.
6. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
7. Transport to a health care facility.

Ingestion Exposure:
1. Evaluate vital signs including pulse and respiratory rate, and note any trauma. If no pulse is detected, provide CPR. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If breathing is labored, administer oxygen or other respiratory support.
2. Obtain authorization and/or further instructions from the local hospital for administration of an antidote or performance of other invasive procedures.
3. Vomiting may be induced with syrup of Ipecac. If elapsed time since ingestion of allyl alcohol is unknown or suspected to be greater than 30 minutes, do not induce vomiting and proceed to Step
4. Ipecac should not be administered to children under 6 months of age.Warning: Syrup of Ipecac should be administered only if victims are alert, have an active gag-reflex, and show no signs of impending seizure or coma. If ANY uncertainty exists, proceed to Step
4.The following dosages of Ipecac are recommended: children up to 1 year old, 10 mL (1/3 oz); children 1 to 12 years old, 15 mL (1/2 oz); adults, 30 mL (1 oz). Ambulate (walk) the victims and give large quantities of water. If vomiting has not occurred after 15 minutes, Ipecac may be readministered. Continue to ambulate and give water to the victims. If vomiting has not occurred within 15 minutes after second administration of Ipecac, administer activated charcoal.
4. Activated charcoal may be administered if victims are conscious and alert. Use 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) for children, 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) for adults, with 125 to 250 mL (1/2 to 1 cup) of water.
5. Promote excretion by administering a saline cathartic or sorbitol to conscious and alert victims. Children require 15 to 30 g (1/2 to 1 oz) of cathartic; 50 to 100 g (1-3/4 to 3-1/2 oz) is recommended for adults.
6. Transport to a health care facility. (EPA, 1998)

Physical Properties

Chemical Formula:
  • C3H6O
Flash Point: 71.6 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): 2.5 % (EPA, 1998)
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): 18 % (EPA, 1998)
Autoignition Temperature: 829 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Melting Point: -200 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Pressure: 23.8 mm Hg at 77 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): 2 (EPA, 1998)
Specific Gravity: 0.854 at 68 ° F (EPA, 1998)
Boiling Point: 206 ° F at 760 mm Hg (EPA, 1998)
Molecular Weight: 58.09 (EPA, 1998)
Water Solubility: Miscible (NIOSH, 2016)
Ionization Potential: 9.63 eV (NIOSH, 2016)
IDLH: 20 ppm (NIOSH, 2016)

AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)

Final AEGLs for Allyl alcohol (107-18-6)
Exposure Period AEGL-1 AEGL-2 AEGL-3
10 minutes 0.09 ppm 11 ppm 87 ppm
30 minutes 0.09 ppm 3.5 ppm 27 ppm
60 minutes 0.09 ppm 1.7 ppm 13 ppm
4 hours 0.09 ppm 0.73 ppm 3.1 ppm
8 hours 0.09 ppm 0.33 ppm 1.5 ppm
(NAC/NRC, 2017)

ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)

No ERPG information available.

PACs (Protective Action Criteria)

Chemical PAC-1 PAC-2 PAC-3
Allyl alcohol (107-18-6) 0.09 ppm 1.7 ppm 13 ppm LEL = 25000 ppm
(DOE, 2016)

Regulatory Information

EPA Consolidated List of Lists

Regulatory Name CAS Number/
313 Category Code
EPCRA 302
EHS TPQ
EPCRA 304
EHS RQ
CERCLA RQ EPCRA 313
TRI
RCRA
Code
CAA 112(r)
RMP TQ
2-Propen-1-ol 107-18-6 1000 pounds 100 pounds 100 pounds X P005 15000 pounds
Allyl alcohol 107-18-6 1000 pounds 100 pounds 100 pounds 313 P005 15000 pounds

(EPA List of Lists, 2015)

DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)

RELEASE THEFT SABOTAGE
Chemical of Interest CAS Number Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
Min Conc STQ Security
Issue
Allyl alcohol; [2-Propen-1-ol] 107-18-6 1.00 % 15000 pounds toxic

(DHS, 2007)

OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List

No regulatory information available.

Alternate Chemical Names