||DOT Hazard Label
||USCG CHRIS Code
|NIOSH Pocket Guide
||International Chem Safety Card
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Colorless to yellowish oily liquid with a smoky odor and caustic burning taste. (NTP, 1992)
Air & Water Reactions
May be sensitive to exposure to air. Slightly soluble in water.
This chemical is combustible. (NTP, 1992)
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms of exposure to this compound include pigmentation, skin irritation and inflammation; dermatitis, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, vertigo, dizziness, faintness, cyanosis, collapse, difficulty breathing, convulsions, erythema, vesiculation, blistering, ulceration, gangrene, kidney and liver damage; chronic lung disease, hypothermia and coma. Other symptoms include sensation of burning and itching; conjunctivitis with mild hyperemia, photophobia and discharge; and keratoconjunctivitis, involving loss of corneal epithelium, clouding of the cornea, long-lasting irritability, miosis and photophobia. This compound may also cause salivation, respiratory difficulties, thready pulse, loss of pupillary reflexes, keratitis and corneal abrasion.
ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound is irritating to the skin and eyes. (NTP, 1992)
Phenols, such as CREOSOTE, do not behave as organic alcohols, as one might guess from the presence of a hydroxyl (-OH) group in their structure. Instead, they react as weak organic acids. Phenols and cresols are much weaker as acids than common carboxylic acids (phenol has pKa = 9.88). These materials are incompatible with strong reducing substances such as hydrides, nitrides, alkali metals, and sulfides. Flammable gas (H2) is often generated, and the heat of the reaction may ignite the gas. Heat is also generated by the acid-base reaction between phenols and bases. Such heating may initiate polymerization of the organic compound. Phenols are sulfonated very readily (for example, by concentrated sulfuric acid at room temperature). The reactions generate heat. Phenols are also nitrated very rapidly, even by dilute nitric acid. This compound is incompatible with acacia, albumin, oxidizers and cupric, ferric, gold and silver salts. (NTP, 1992)
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Potentially Incompatible Absorbents
No information available.
Isolation and Evacuation
Excerpt from ERG Guide 154 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible)]:
As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
SPILL: Increase, in the downwind direction, as necessary, the isolation distance shown above.
FIRE: If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions. (ERG, 2016)
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher. (NTP, 1992)
SMALL SPILLS AND LEAKAGE: If you spill this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION. Then, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Your contaminated clothing and absorbent paper should be sealed in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with 60-70% ethanol followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
STORAGE PRECAUTIONS: You should keep this material in a tightly closed container under an inert atmosphere, and store it at refrigerated temperatures. (NTP, 1992)
RECOMMENDED RESPIRATOR: Where the neat test chemical is weighed and diluted, wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter. (NTP, 1992)
DuPont Tychem® Suit Fabrics
No information available.
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.
INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)
165 ° F
Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable
Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable
Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable
less than -4 ° F
39 mm Hg
at 124 ° F
; 58 mm Hg at 167° F; 98 mm Hg at 199° F
Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable
greater than 1.076
at 77 ° F
greater than or equal to 397.4 ° F
at 760 mm Hg
Molecular Weight: data unavailable
1 to 10 mg/mL
at 73° F
Ionization Potential: data unavailable
IDLH: data unavailable
AEGLs (Acute Exposure Guideline Levels)
No AEGL information available.
ERPGs (Emergency Response Planning Guidelines)
No ERPG information available.
PACs (Protective Action Criteria)
No PAC information available.
EPA Consolidated List of Lists
313 Category Code
(EPA List of Lists, 2015)
DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
No regulatory information available.
OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard List
No regulatory information available.
Alternate Chemical Names
- BEECHWOOD CREOSOTE
- CREOSOTE BEECHWOOD
- CREOSOTE, BEECHWOOD
- CREOSOTE, WOOD
- LIQUID PITCH OIL
- WOOD CREOSOTE